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Punctuation tips – when to use capital letters in writing by Software for Writers
There are two main uses of capital letters in writing:
- at the beginning of sentences
- for proper nouns and proper adjectives
Do not use capital letters unnecessarily or just for emphasis.
Use capital letters:
To begin a sentence or quotation
For names and titles of people, institutions or organisations
Mary Brown, the Treasurer, the Pope, North Primary School, General Motors
For nationalities and ethnic or racial descriptions
English French Indian Australian
For names of places or countries
New York the French Alps Tasmania
For the full and shortened names of government agencies and institutions
Library of Congress Dept. of the Environment
For political parties, religions or formal factions
The Liberal Party lost the election.
Many Christians support nuclear disarmament.
The Right will gain control of the assembly.
In titles or headings
A Report on Sales in the Manufacturing Industry
Note: Do not give capitals to words such as “a”, “and”, “the” and short prepositions (fewer than four letters) unless they begin the title.
For days, months, feasts, ceremonies
Monday February Thanksgiving Ramadan
For forms of address
Sir Peter Rev. Smith Ms Brown
For abbreviated points of the compass and regional terms
NE SW Eastern Europe the East
For abbreviations and acronyms
M.P. UNESCO USA
For historical events, periods and battles
the Cold War neo-Classical the First World War
When “I” or “O” are used as single words
When I arrive, you can leave.
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